Indian Intelligence inputs have sounded off an alarm, saying that Pakistan is plotting a terror attack on India, through the Bangladesh border. The forty odd Rohingya Muslims, are said to be getting trained in Bangladesh’s Cox Bazaar by the Pakistan Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)-Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) combine. Logistic and support to cross the borders is being provided by Bangladeshi terrorist outfit Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB).
Cox’s Bazar area has been the hotspot, where JMB has been carrying out its hate and terror recruitment campaign, at the behest of the ISI since long. This is also where the radicalizing operation is being carried out by the JeM, on thousands of vulnerable and displaced Rohingya Muslims.
Seeds of the present crisis were not sown now but trace their genesis back to 70 years from hence, when during the partition, the Rohingya people asked to join East Pakistan.
But Jinnah, craftily chose to disregard the Rohingya appeal, did not allow them to join a Muslim state in east Pakistan, to incite them to claim for a separate state, through armed insurgency. Let us go down those lanes of trying times, where so called leaders failed one and all, for their personal political ambitions.
Who were Rohingya Muslims, in Burmese regions of Arakan?
The Rohingya speaks in Rohingya or Ruaingga, which is similar to the language with Chittagonian language (dialect) of Bangladesh. This language is distinct to others spoken in Rakhine State and throughout Myanmar.
The Arakan region was a key part of the silk route, wherein Burmese kings hosted Arab traders since the 8th century AD. Tambukias came from Arabia and were allowed to settle in southern Arakan by King Maha Taing Chandra (788-810) of Burma.
Region came under influence of the Bengal Sultanate during Aurangzeb’s wars with Arakanese rulers, however, diminished once it was taken back after decline of Mughal Empire. However cordial relations with neighboring Bangla Muslims continued.
By the third Anglo Burmese War, Burma became a part of British India. And post-1885, the migration of Bengali Muslims multiplied in the region, to the extent of threatening the majority Buddhist population. Aurangzeb driven Salafi Islam and later the Deobandi radicalization, even led to violent clashes between the two communities. This marks the beginning of secessionist bid to carve a separate state.
This history with Muslim traders have plethora of Muslim ethnicities living in Myanmar, and have duly, peacefully integrated with Myanmarese population, except the Rohingyas. The Zerbadees, Tambukias, Turks, Pathans, Panthays, and Kaman Muslims distance themselves from the Rohingya and continue to live peacefully, along with balance of Karens, Chins, Kachins, and Shans among other clans, who were also distinct from the majority Buddhist Bamar population of Myanmar.
However, the Aurangzeb driven Salafi Islam’s “non co-existence with others” principle came to fore in the 1850s. British carefully fostered it to keep Myanmar in check, as they did in India, and let the fanaticism flourish.
Jinnah capitalized on the same fervor, and decided to instigate Rohingya separatist call, to gain an ascendency in the diplomatic interactions with the Myanmar government. It was a similar bid to keep the pot boiling. Another smart move, as were the Bengal and Partition riots in India.
Rohingyas: a ready Puppet in hands of Pakistan Army
Now it is ISI-Haqqani Network and its ISKP Avatar
ISKP leader Aslam Farooqi, a Pakistani national with links to LeT, JeM, and Pakistan’s Tehrik-e-Taliban(TTP) was arrested by Afghanistan’s National Directorate of Security along with 19 other terrorist cadres on 05 April.
Takeover of ISKP by the Haqqani Network, with the help of Pakistani Army and its ISI, is all but complete, as seen by the success of Imam Bukhari faction to bring ISKP within the fold of “Khilafat-e-Islami Khorasa charade” and strong operational cooperation in Afghanistan.
Since last two years, Pakistan Army’s ISI has been trying to get a foothold for ISKP in Bangladesh. Recently, Afghanistan security agencies arrested a suspected ISKP Bangladeshi militant(loaned from JMB), who was wanted in Dhaka, for his alleged involvement in a foiled plot to bomb an event attended by its Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
Pakistan has fostered Radical Islam in Bangladesh since last two decades, and has successfully established ISKP links with JMB and other radical groups. ISKP coordinated with JMB for carrying out a terrorist attack that killed 29 people at a local café, the Holey Artisan Bakery, in July 2016.
Pakistan Army and ISI ensured, that no peaceful measures of Myanmar government succeed, in creating peace for Rohingya. By the end of the 1950s, the Rohingya Insurgency had lost most of their momentum. The Burmese government still began implementing various policies aimed at reconciliation with Rohingyas in Arakan.
On 1 May 1961, the Mayu Frontier District was established in Arakan to appease and pacify the Rohingya, literally giving autonomy to the region, with the local Rohingya leadership reporting directly to Rangoon. It was meeting the Rohingya demands completely,
but it was not to be. Pakistan, finding a peace descending on a ripe fruit, a decade later upon its loss of Bangladesh, decides to sabotage it, and ISI stepped in again to derail the Rohingya aspirations.
Using Radical Islamic angle and invoking Rohingya insurgent with false propaganda, ISI supplied money, drugs and smuggling business to Moulvi Jafar Kawal and Muhammad Jafar Habib. ISI provided weapons and Radical Islamic hate incite, to ensure the fire is kept burning and Bengali Muslim migration and Radicalization keeps up in the area.
ISI formed Rohingya Solidarity Organization (RSO), which became the most influential and extreme faction amongst Rohingya insurgent groups by basing itself on religious grounds. It was ordained by ISI to be given support from various Islamist groups, such as Jamaat-e-Islami, Hizb-e-Islami and later link it with Hizb-ul-Mujahideen(HM) and Harkat-ul-Ansar(HuA) of Kashmir.
By the 90s, Rohingyas were sabotaged, to function under directions of the ISI, who equipped them with light machine-guns, AK-47 assault rifles, RPG-2 rocket launchers, claymore mines, and explosives. Thus started the bloody decade which lasted till 2012 mass exodus from Myanmar.
With ISIS’s offshoot ISKP coming around in Afghanistan and its slow but sure integration with TTP of Pakistan, Pakistan army had achieved the impossible. By 2015 it started directing the affairs of Rohingya terrorism and using ISKP assets it removed RSO from the picture and brought up a new wave of hate and terrorism. Alliance of ISI-Haqqani network-driven ISKP regulated Harakah al-Yaqin came into being which was later changed to the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army or ARSA.
Radical International Terrorists- the Pakistan Army
And four years hence, since the ISI constituted ARSA, with mayhem in the world of innocent Rohingyas at its hands, ISI has now come to its favored juncture. To use Rohingya As terrorists, to target India.
We are well aware, how handiwork of Pakistan Army- ISI is written all over it. Amnesty International released a report claiming it had evidence that ARSA rounded up and killed as many as 99 Hindu civilians on 25 August 2017, the same day that ARSA launched a massive attack against Myanmar’s security forces.
This has been the Modus Operandi of Pakistan Army to kill Balochs, Pashtuns, Sindhi, Kashmiris, and any other dissent that it observes. And that is the same they have affected in teachings to the ARSA terrorists.
It started during Partition, when Jinnah sought to use them as a pawn, keep the region alive with insurgency, in return of having a political ascendency over Myanmar Government. Later upon liberation of Bangladesh, ISI used them to garner Radical Islamic fervor in the Bangladesh region. Now, they are being abused as pawns in hands of ISKP-ISI Radical Islamic agenda.
Displaced Rohingyas have ultimately found refuge in either Bangladesh and India, and are ready, destitute cannon fodder, available to ISI’s Radical Islamic designs in South East Asia. Till such time, Muslims are a available resource, in the hands of people using Radical Islam for political power and similar nefarious purposes, Muslims will be abused as fodder. A radicalized mind is not to blame, but the powers behind that thought process. And it is of no international sense and political maturity, that Rohingyas are given a permanent refuge by either of two countries, who refuse to do so.
Rohingyas have a right to their land in Mayanmar, and to peacefully coexist with their brethren in Mayanmar, and it is up to them, as a community, to drag themself out of the mess that they have allowed themselves to be in, since last hundred years.
After all there are other Muslim communities in Myanmar, who have been peacefully coexisting and flourishing with the same people, and who refuse to be a puppets in the hands of Radical International Terrorists- the Pakistan Army.
19 Aug 20/Wednesday Written By: Fayaz