ChinaChina

Encircling China

Inevitable fast forwards due to Xi's greedy Sinofication Drive across the World

Testing times of COVID boycott, GDP nosedive, and Global repulse of China, has the outwardly In-Control looking “President for Life” Xi Jinping,  exhibiting an increasingly frayed nerved, flabbergasted and brittle performance at the frontiers and along its neighbourhoods, across South China Sea, Taiwan, Eastern seas, Hong Kong, Uyghur populated East Turkestan(Xin Jiang) and now in the Himalayan heights of Ladakh.

Having lost Taiwan’s electoral plot and deadline to incorporate it in the Mainland, Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s long gains have easily been evaporated, setting clock back by decades. The dogged Hong Kong narrative, placed questionably within the fabricated brackets of nationalist discourse, appears slipping too, with vocal Hong Kong natives conversing increasingly with the world.

Burgeoning bonhomie among Hong Kong and Taiwan residents is set to prove a thorn in CCP’s soft underbelly, for decades to come.

China’s sinocentric world view did not result primarily from, nor rely upon an ability to exercise clear military dominance over its neighbors. Strong imperial Chinese states did not always manage to dominate militarily neighboring political entities.

Hence CCP’s grandiose, lusty, maniacal, and Dominating The World psyche, is deeply rooted in the historical milieu, which is strangely misinterpreted by the Communist Blue Blood rulers, just the way Chinese emperor’s brutal rule over a hapless population of China.

 

Fear Triggered Neighbor Concerns

China’s aspirations for regional great power status, consciously require military dominance over its periphery. However, those were the days of Mongols and Turkish raiders, a threat which ceases to exist today. Hence, it is even less clear whether China’s self-image as a great power requires the deliberate attainment of a superior military position on a global scale.

Throughout most of Chinese history, the largely self-sufficient, internally oriented, and instability prone Chinese state, had been more concerned, when providing for its external security, with controlling or neutralizing direct threats to an established geographic heartland originating from an extensive periphery.

Is the current periphery real? No

16th Century China, a far cry from the Occupied Real Estate now

In fact, till the 16th century, China has been one-third of what it is now, hence

CCP’s claim of historical basis falls flat on its face. They have since 16th Century occupied East Turkestan, Tibet, Manchuria, and half of Mongolia, illegally, without a historical basis.

 

 

 

The central problem arising from China’s core security goals and requirements thus was (and remains) how to maintain, the robust level of resources and control features needed to preserve,  an often precarious and agitating domestic order.

However, it is used by the CCP to create a fearful hoax in terms of ensuring an adequate defense and external presence, keyed primarily to the maintenance of control over along China’s periphery for attainment of geopolitical primacy. It is not needed in these days, and Chinese civilization’s inherent congruence is enough to have a befitting place in world geopolitics and Economic calculations, somewhere right at the top, without being belligerent.

We explore how it is not the millions of Chinese citizen’s hoax, but a swindle of only of a few power-hungry maniacs, earlier they were the cruel emperors, and now Blue blood CCP leaders.

Tragic History of Chinese Emperors

Imperial Chinese regimes, usually faced with growing concerns over domestic order and wellbeing and often unable to elicit even symbolic deference from other states, would rely primarily on noncoercive strategies to stave off foreign attacks or maintain stability along the periphery.

When such strategies proved unsuccessful, weak and internally divided regimes would in a few instances resort to desperate military means to defend their security, at times in response to the demands of dominant, conservative domestic leadership groups.

Such resistance invariably met with little success, however, and a severely weakened regime, or the wholesale collapse of a regime, would result in major reductions in Chinese control over the periphery and sometimes also in the loss of Chinese territory to foreigners

Aspect mostly unknown to most is that Chinese emperors, albeit a few like Yuan Dynasty, were very authoritarian, cruel, suppressive of locals and regardless of the human rights of locals.

Rule of Chinese emperors was so brutal, that Mongol invasions were welcome and supported by the local city dwellers (while Mongols pillaged non-surrendering cities all over the world, none of the Chinese cities were pillaged, as Mongols were internally supported by the local Chinese population)

In fact, according to the words of Marco Polo, China in times of Yuan Dynasty of Mongol ruler Genghis Khan(1279–1368), China was most open and peaceful society, whose internal economy dwarfed that of Europe. He brought liberation of Chinese peasants and worker class.

China’s neighborhood Subversion

CCP continuing where cruel Chinese Emperors left: even Hans not spared

In one of the many war cemeteries in Lang Son, a city in northern Vietnam, Pham ThiKy and her family light incense and offer prayers for her brother-in-law, who died 36 years ago in Vietnam’s brief but bloody border war with China.That 1979 war left more than 50,000 dead. There are other graves here, too. They fought and died against the French and Americans. But relative to China, those were brief battles.

No country weighs on Vietnam like China, and it has been that way for centuries. Has the conflict with China ever really ended, I ask Pham ThiKy as she lights another candle.”No,” she says. Her daughter agrees. Her sister is even more emphatic. “It will never end. With the Chinese, how can it ever end?”

Vietnam was conquered by the Chinese during the Han dynasty (206 BCE–221 CE, with a brief interruption in 8–23 CE), the establishment of direct Chinese rule was accompanied by efforts to transform the people of the Red River delta into Chinese. Local customs were suppressed, and Chinese customs, rites, and institutions were imposed by force. Daoist and Confucian teachings were pressed upon the local people, together with instruction in the Chinese language; even Chinese clothing and hairstyles became obligatory.

Chinese rule, although challenged several more times, remained secure so long as China itself was effectively controlled by its own emperors. When the Tang dynasty (618–907AD) went into decline in the early 10th century, a series of uprisings broke out in Vietnam, which led in 939AD  to the restoration of Vietnamese independence.

China, by then ruled by emperors of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), seized this opportunity to invade Dai Viet again in 1407. The Ming rulers reestablished direct Chinese administration and resumed the assimilation policies begun by their predecessors.

By the beginning of the 15th century, any attempt to force the Vietnamese people to become Chinese served only to strengthen their nationalist sentiments and their determination to throw off the Chinese yoke.

Laos was similarly subjected to intermittent Chinese subjugation.  Haw Wars were fought against Chinese quasi-military forces invading parts of Tonkin and the Siam from 1865–1890. Forces invading Lao domains were ill-disciplined and freely plundered Buddhist temples, looted and raped enmasse the Laos population.

Mongolia has half of its territories occupied by China. While occupying  Inner Mongolia, China claimed Mongolia as their territory (calling it as Outer Mongolia) in 1924, as well as by CCP in 1954. They would have occupied it had it not been the Russian assistance and support to Mongolia.

Myanmar has suffered similarly through centuries, more recent example in the early 9th century, the Pyu city-states of Upper Burma came under constant attacks by Nanzhao (in modern Yunnan province of China). In 832, the Nanzhao sacked Halingyi, which had overtaken Prome as the chief Pyu city-state and informal capital. Archaeologists interpret early Chinese texts detailing the plundering of Halingyi in 832 to detail the capturing of 3000 Pyu prisoners, later becoming Nanzhao slaves at Kunming.

In last three centuries, Myanmar hit back. China under the Qianlong Emperor launched four invasions of Burma between 1765 and 1769, which were considered as one of his Ten Great Campaigns. Nonetheless, the war, which claimed the lives of over 70,000 Chinese soldiers and four commanders, is sometimes described as “the most disastrous frontier war that the Qing dynasty had ever waged”, and one that “assured Burmese independence”.

Myanmar endured the 1960 war also, and since then border skirmishes and Chinese claims to Myanmar lands has never waned.

Myanmar, Vietnam & Vietnam: in even of a Global Military Pushback against a belligerent China

Kazakhstan has business relations with China souring over incomplete while still overpriced BRI and entertaining Chinese till Eurasian Economic Union takes shape. Militarily, they are a intrinsic part of Collective Strategic Treaty Organization, with seven Russian bases. That is largest Russian overseas base spread over 11 million hectares. Any guesses why Ruskies will them there.

Russia will never let China have a peak into Central Asia and Asia Minor, BRI or not.

 

 

 

 

Kyrgyzstan has immense conflicts with Chinese workers on BRI. Memories of the Suicide attack on Chinese embassy in Bishkek are still alive in the Dragon’s memory. Kyrgyzstan is overtly supporting the East Turkestan’s Uyghur independence, and won’t have to go off its winding road, to support just that.

Mongolia has been having a tight relationship with China. And why not, if you decide to gobble up one-half of its territories, and have dangly eyes on the balance chunk of it. Why would it want to be the Northern Tibet for China. Thanks to Russia, since 1924, Mongolia has been standing up to China and infact asking for the rightful return of Chinese occupied Inner Mongolia.

India has an interesting relationship with Mongolia, a strong one like Russia however in spiritual sense too. PM Modi’s 2015 visit had a huge assistance package, along with furthering the Uranium deal. Though not an offset to Chinese loot of Mongolia’s mineral wealth, however, it cements a special place at side of Mongolia.

Russia, during the Sino-Russian conflict times, has promised Mongolia to stand by it for return of Inner Mongolia with its rightful brother.

Manchuria has the most peculiar secessionist tendencies out of all other illegally occupied territories. While the western section has majority of Mongol Khitans, Eastern has the majority population of Eastern Korean Peninsular: the Manchus. Had it not been Chinese supported despotic regime in North Kores, a unified Korea had vowed to take it back from China, by force.

To top it all, northern part fudged up by the Treaty of Aigun of 1860, has been claimed up by the Russian Cossacks. Russia, is presently siding with China after its economic blockade after annexation of Crimea.

Internal Fissures

China has managed to mute news reports about hundreds of protests in provinces. But some underground activists have provided details on what we now know as a major uprising against the Xi Jinping.

Chinese really like to look into history for answers to their governance paradox.

If you take a look at Chinese history of 4 or 5 thousand years, the time that China being divided is probably as long as being unified. Studying a non-exhaustive list of separating times reveals an interesting perspective:

  • Spring and Autumn period (771 to 476 BC):300 Years

Ethnic Chinese Territories

(Note how far is the present incursion into Laos, Myanmar and Viet Nam)

  • North and South Dynasties

Chinese Territories by 13th Century AD

Till the 16th century, China has been not governing the occupied territories, including many areas which always belonged to Korea, Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar. Only 40 percent of present China, belongs to Han Chinese civilization, and balance has been occupied in only the last four centuries and converted using the well knownSinofication.

Chinese Princelings

Argument that China is still ruled in fashion of the brutal Medieval China, will be very outrageous, however not altogether surprising for many. China had a history of insane, ruthless emperors, and now business empire wielding CCP office bearers.

What is shocking is, CCP is the same game all over again. The power-hungry maniac tale is being spun with a different flavor. No one, not one commoner can rise, either in party ladder or on the corporate front. Ask the millions of hardworking Chinese peasants and workers who have migrated to cities, for prospects. Business and associated corruption is carried out by the associates of the Blue Blood of the CCP.

Zeng Shan was a maoist, who became the first interior minister of the People’s Republic. Zeng Shan’s son, Zeng Qinghong, is a member of the politburo standing committee, the Communist Party’s inner circle, and a vice-president playing a crucial power broking role between the party chief, Hu Jintao, and his predecessor, Jiang Zemin.

As few exceptions like previous Commerce Minister, Bo Xilai, and the Vice-President, Zeng Qinghong, are greatly outnumbered and pushed to background by the communist princelings who have gone into business rather than politics.

The daughters of Liu Shaochi, the economic pragmatist pilloried by Mao Zedong, and of Zhao Ziyang, the party chief sacked in 1989 over Tiananmen, run two of China’s biggest art auction houses.

Hu Jintao’s son, Hu Haifeng, heads a company called Nuctech which had won a contract to supply security scanning equipment to 147 Chinese airports. His daughter, Hu Haiqing, is married to a leading figure in the Chinese internet industry, “Daniel” Mao Daolin, at one time on a $US300,000 salary as chief of the leading portal Sina.com.

After rollout of BRI and CPEC, more than before, Children of communist chiefs are well entrenched in business. It’s a given fact, that CCP is used as personal business empire of the Blue Blood communists, at the cost of common Chinese citizens.

Those of Li Peng, the architect of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, and party frontman for the Tiananmen crackdown, dominate the privatised electric power industry. Jiang’s son, Jiang Mianheng, runs a sizeable empire of semiconductor, telecommunications and internet businesses.

Xi Jinping is one of them. Rising up the party ladder was just as easy, whose father was Xi Jhongxun was elected the deputy chair of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress and also held the chair of the legal affairs committee. In September 1982, he was elected to the Politburo and the party secretariat.

His daughter is furthering the Blue Blood legacy already, studying at Harvard and then having stakes on various boards of projects, including the Chinese China Development Bank and the Export Import Bank.

Encircled and Engulfed: Dragon on the Mat

Limiting China Initiated

The world is coming together to limit China, as it has already been done in the South China sea where US Navy presence has forced China to give up its plans to invade Taiwan, as well as its intentions to threaten the seas of Vietnam, Korean seas, Japan,  Philippines and Malaysia.

Limiting of China across the land borders is already underway in Myanmar, since they have already renegotiated the complete BRI deals, to destroy Chinese Debt Trap plans. Similar is the resistance by Laos and Vietnam. Russian Bear is with  Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, who are keeping the Chinese at bay. Already their citizens and the workers have been undertaking lot of agitations due to backlash from the people.

Russia on its part,  has neither sided with China on South China sea and has stood its ground to take side with India, by supplying it urgent replenishment of arms, ammunitions and aircrafts, snubbing Chinese hollers.

Hence it is very clear that the soviets have decided to join the bandwagon of limiting China. It is also been ensured by India, whose diplomatic efforts have resulted in entry of Russia back to the European market, that Russia now has got the clearance to stop China from making forages into its backyard, that is Asia major and Asia minor.

Mongolia has got the innate support from Russia, while the Manchus would like to get their region of Manchuria back. Hence from the north also China is fairly receiving an undercurrent of backlash.

India has shown the way to the world, in the Dhoklam crisis. PM Modi is yet to bat an eyelid, despite frantic statements from Chinese CCP. Here on it is going to go south for PLA, in the Himalayas.

Viewpoint

US and the Quad have severely limited Chinese in the South China Seas and in the Indian Ocean.

“Internally China is finally reaching a tipping point in Xinjiang, Manchuria, Hong Kong, Tibet, Chengdu, Zhangzhung and Shanghai could turn into free nations after a Chinese revolution.”  It started in 2016 and to offset it, the then Chinese government and Xi Jinping invented the Doklam standoff along with North Korea’s nuclear posturing against the US, to rally support for Xi Jinping.

Teng Biao, China’s best-known human rights activist and lawyer, told that China is escalating the standoff all along its borders(even maritime) and Jinping is using the occasion to galvanize his dwindling support base.

Teng said some anti-India demonstrations in China are being sponsored by the ruling Communist Party. He also said pro-democracy activists are quietly working to engineer a revolution against China’s one-party rule to install a democratic government.

Tibet is going its own way, as well as Uighur-dominated East Turkestan. Hong Kong and Macau are already on a different system, they could splinter and take their hinterlands with them. We can also see parts of Chinese Inner Mongolia merging with Mongolia.

Historically, Chinese emperors have always been followed by its population which was very traumatized. Chinese emperor have always taken advantage of that and CCP is also doing the same to them. With CCP leader’s humongous business empires, in names of their kins, today the Chinese population has decided that they want to be going along the democratic way of Taiwan, which are inherently a Chinese Nationalist population. Nationalist Chinese in Taiwan are opposing the continuance of the Blue blood communist party, which is just emulating the rule of cruel Chinese emperors.

It is a matter of time when China implodes, Chinese citizens achieve democracy by a revolution, and occupied territories go for independence, the world will be ready.

Meanwhile it is left to be seen, due to bribing by Chinese CCP and related corruption of Nepal’s Maoists and its offshoot Communist Party under Oli, till how much time Nepal shall keep behaving erratically.  Maybe give it 2-3 years of reality check, and seeing the way  China will be limited in the area, they will be taught a lesson by citizens of Nepal, back into understanding the dreaded reality of the Chinese game. They need to board the right Boat.

26 June 20/Friday                                                            Written By: Fayaz

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