On 18 May, supporters of Netra Chand Viplav Party of Nepal (who together with fellow Maoist leader Ram Bahadur Thapa, was the two main militia commanders of Prachanda in the China funded Nepalese Civil War from 1996-2006)) took out a march for hoisting Nepal’s flag in Lipulekh.
That time, Indo-Chinese Ladakh faceoff was in its prime, and to lay groundwork of additional pressure, the intention behind unfurling the flag in an Indian territory is now becoming clear. It was to give semblance of local support for a “soon to come” Oli’s assertion, that Lipulekh belonged to Nepal.
However, the Nepali Gurkha locals from the bordering villages did not allow the communist to carry out their agenda. Khukhri wielding chasing out of the communist stooge protesters, the locals claimed that they would not let the personal interest of some communists, to affect the 5000 years long kinship with India, an eternal ally with whom they share a relationship of bread and butter in fact blood.
Now, Nepal, during COVID -19 and India-China faceoff, has issued a new national map incorporating 300 square kilometres (115 square miles) of mountainous land incorporating Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura and Kalapani, currently with India.
Communist Oli’s assertion of fighting Maoists : Fake Chinese Propaganda
Within a fortnight of above incident, Nepal PM Oli, makes same assertion on Lipulekh.
How matched are the agendas of two rivals, and similar in action, which exposes the fact that India has been trying to expose since last two decades. The fact that
China staged the Nepal Maoist Insurgency, and then feigned support to King Gyanendra as a fight against Chinese funded Maoists,
is revealed in the fact that Oli and Maoists were always same, bankrolled by China, spilling Nepalese blood and destroying thousands of years of Peace.
If that is not the most laughable irony, the worst betrayal and backstab to the peaceful, inclusive, religious people Gurkhas, by their own Communists, nothing else in history ever can be.
Not even the Chinese invasion of Nepal, by the Quing dynasty of the Han, in the eighteenth century. Chinese are known for that, after all Dragon shall always aim to burn and devour, not let prosper.
4000 years Old History of Nepal Kingdom
Some 3500 to 4000 from now, around 2000BC , after fall of Indus valley civilization, due to environmental changes, mass migration took place to Indian sub continent, Himalayan Terai, and Hills( as part of movement of valley dwellers to all sides of Indus Valley Basin). Hari-Hara Chhetra (of present day Gandaki Basins, including Mukti Nath, Deaughat andTriveni of Western Nepal), was one of the most important centers of Vedic Aryans, who had already expanded Swarswat Vedic Civilization.
Puranic record about previous to the entry of the Aryans into Nepal and India indicates early dwellers as Urus. It is indicated from Skanda Purana (Manas Khanda) that an ancient Pre-Vedic Aryan clan of Urus might have travelled into Tibet and then to Far-Western Nepal via Uru Parvat (present day Urai Pass in Bajhang District of Nepal).
Urus of pre-vedic Nepal, had significant trade with Indus Valley pockets and hence had distinct relationship with Post Indus valley Aryans.
This Vedic Civilization, which was flourishing after the fall of Harappa-Mohen-Jo-Daro Civilization, was in danger of being extinct. To avoid this potential disaster, the Rig-Vedic Aryans had to move on towards the basins of River Jamuna and than towards the basins of River Sarayu (Karnali) and Sada-Nira (Gandaki) and into region of Urus. This was a peaceful amalgamation and coexistence with Kiratas, Nishadhs and Santhals continued for centuries.
Nepal thus existed about 2000 BC, mushrooming in Kathmandu valley named as “Nepa” but later many times it was ruled by other rulers.
India as we know today , was known as Bharata Varshe or Bharata Kande which means Indian Sub Continent. Indian Sub Continent had more than 600 Kingdoms.
The Kings, including of Nepa Kingdom shared some common things, like they were all belonging to Warrior Class, and marriages between one kingdom to another, was quite common(Kings and princess of Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh had some of their ancestors married to the Kings or Princess in Nepal). This resulted in consolidation of relationship socially , economically in whole of Indo-Gangetic plains, including with Nepa Kingdom.
Fourth Century BC
North India was again united by the Gupta emperors again in the fourth century. Their capital was the old Mauryan center of Pataliputra (present-day Patna in Bihar State), during what Indian writers often describe as a golden age of artistic and cultural creativity. The greatest conqueror of this dynasty was Samudragupta (reigned BC 353 to 73), who claimed that the “Kings of Nepal” paid him taxes and tribute and placed his Gurkha Army along with his Army at his command, as was the case with other Indian subcontinent kings of Rajasthan, Punjab and Gujrat, also.
Some of the earliest examples of Nepalese art show that the culture of north India during Gupta times exercised a decisive influence on Nepali language, religion, and artistic expression.
The Mauryan Empire (268 to 31 B.C.) and Buddhism origin in Nepal
The political struggles and urbanization of north India culminated in the great Mauryan Empire, which at its height under Ashoka (reigned 268 to 31 B.C.) covered almost all of South Asia and stretched into Afghanistan in the west. There were records of Ashoka located at Lumbini, the Buddha’s birthplace, in the Nepal Tarai. The empire had important cultural and political ties with Nepal. Like smaller kindgoms of Ashoka, Nepal also paid tribute to him.
First, Ashoka himself embraced Buddhism, and during his time the religion become established in the Kathmandu Valley and throughout much of Nepal. In Nepal, like rest of India, Hinduism(worship of dieties) coexisted with Buddhism. Ashoka was known as a great builder of stupas, and his archaic style is preserved in four mounds on the outskirts of Patan (now often referred to as Lalitpur), which were locally called Ashok stupas, and possibly in the Svayambhunath (or Swayambhunath) stupa.
Second, along with religion came an entire cultural style centered on the king as the upholder of dharma, or the cosmic law of the universe, which was also integeral part of Kingdom of Nepal.
The interactions of various rulers in Indus Basin of Punjab, Gangetic Plains and Nepal regions was based on culture, values, trade, and cemented by marriages between royal families.
Nepal Early Kingdom of the Licchavis (400 to 750 A.D.)
In the late fifth century, rulers calling themselves Licchavis were known from early Buddhist legends as a ruling family during the Buddha’s time in India, and the founder of the Gupta Dynasty claimed that he had married a Licchavi princess, and gave a Gupta prince to Licchavi Dynasty.
All of the Licchavi records are deeds reporting donations to religious foundations, predominantly Hindu temples. The language of the inscriptions is Sanskrit, the language of the court in north India, and the script is closely related to official Gupta scripts.
There is little doubt that Nepal exerted a powerful cultural influence, especially through the area called Mithila, the northern part of present-day Bihar State and northern India.
Eight Century AD and Beyond
By 843 Some early historians, such as the French scholar Sylvain Lévi, thought that Nepal may have feuds with Tibet for some time, but more recent Nepalese historians, including Dilli Raman Regmi, deny this interpretation. In any case, from the seventh century onward a recurring pattern of foreign relations emerged for rulers in Nepal.
Tibetan influence arose, and confluence was there with Nepal, Indian terai kingdoms, Nepali hill areas and Tibetans in north. This was true to Tibetan cultural and trade exchange all along the himalyan kingdoms starting from Ladakh till Sikkim.
The economy of the Kathmandu Valley already was based on agriculture during this period. Peasants lived in villages (grama) that were administratively grouped into larger units (dranga). They grew rice and other grains as staples on lands owned by the royal family, other major families, Buddhist monastic orders (sangha), or groups of Brahmans (agrahara).
Land taxes due in theory to the king were often allocated to religious or charitable foundations, and additional labor dues (vishti) were required from the peasantry in order to keep up irrigation works, roads, and shrines. The village head (usually known as pradhan, meaning a leader in family or society) and leading families handled most local administrative issues, forming the village assembly of leaders (panchalika or grama pancha). This ancient history of localized decision making served as a model for late-twentieth-century Nepal and Indian regions of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Border dispute with Nepal
Kalapani is an area under territorial dispute in Darchula District of Sudurpashchim Pradesh, Nepal and Pithoragarh District of Uttarakhand, India, area 400 square km.
Although claimed by Nepal, Kalapani has been in British India and then with India since the Sauguli treaty. It has military presence by India’s Indo-Tibetan Border Police since the 1962 border war with China, and Controlled by India.
The Treaty of Sugauliconcluded between British India and the Kingdom of Nepal in the year 1816, maps the Makhali river as the western boundary with India .
The discrepancy in locating the source of the river led to boundary disputes between India and Nepal, with each country producing maps supporting their own claims.
Susta is an area under territorial dispute currently in Tribenisusta, Lumbini Zone, Nepal and near Nichlaul, Uttar Pradesh, India. The area under dispute totals over 14,000 hectares (140 square km) and is controlled by Nepal.
According to International Laws, the principles of avulsion and accretion are applicable in determining the borders when a boundary river changes course.
- Avulsion:It is the pushing back of the shoreline by sudden, violent action of the elements, perceptible while in progress. Also it can be defined as the sudden and perceptible change in the land brought about by water, which may result in the addition or removal of land from a bank or shoreline.
- Accretion:It is the process of growth or enlargement by a gradual buildup. It is the natural, slow and gradual deposit of soil by the water.
If the change of the river course is rapid – by avulsion – the boundary does not change. But if the river changes course gradually – that is, by accretion – the boundary changes accordingly.
Since, the Gandak change of course has been gradual, India claimed Susta as part of their territory as per international laws.On several occasions, India has tried to resolve the issue through friendly and peaceful negotiations, but the Nepali leadership has always shown hesitation in resolving the issue, since Chinese Communist interferance in the Nineties.
In Nepal, since the interference of China and its support to the Communist Party (Maoist) of Nepal, the
Communists in Nepal have made it a tool for arousing strong public sentiment against India, for China’s interests. Therefore, resolving the issue, with the current China leaning Oli Government, may not be in the best interest of Chinese paid Nepal Communists.
Maoist insurgency driven by China
China since 1949, put forward Pushpa Lal Shrestha as its mascot to propagate the so-called communists of today, who not only regard Mao Zedong as the greatest ideologue of modern times but also perceive the Maoist form of governance as the best form of the welfare system of governance.
However the Monarchy in Nepal kept it under check, along with Indian democratic resistance to Maoist influence.
Seeing Nepal’s democratic system still in progress, both China and Pakistan started to create political instability in Nepal by tying up with Pakistan’s ISI. In Nepal, the paid pro-China brainwash and Maoist guerrilla war (extended from nineties to 2007) was gradually supported in a secret manner.
In the year 2005, when India and America stopped giving military assistance to Nepal, China promised to give a million US dollars of military assistance to Nepal. Nearly four years after this, China agreed again to provide military assistance of more than twenty crores rupees to Nepal, this amount was to be used for training and strengthening the army of Nepal.
But it was a ruse.
China quietly trained and funded Maoists, however fooled the King to believe that he is being supported.
In order to maintain peace and progress in Nepal, the democratic government signed a peace treaty (Comprehensive Peace Agreement) with the Prachanda-led Communist Party of Nepal (MAO) in November 2007.
Prachanda was always ideologically inclined towards China and leftist leaders based in India. Prachanda falsely but openly instigated Nepalis to believe that India never wants Nepal’s development. Hence from time to time, he kept on creating barriers on the border areas, which since last 4000years have been open. Gradually, Prachanda, the only leftist leader of the time, was diminishing as he lacked support of people and the Communist Party of Nepal currently ruling was divided into two factions, with the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) being led by the current Prime Minister of Nepal, Oli and Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Mao).Xi Jinping intervened and made the former took control and instructed the latter to be the armed and militant faction, which it is, till date.
The way Maoism is dominating in Nepal, due to Chinese black funds and the way Nepali Communist-China mafia is growing;
Nepal should not be too surprised if tomorrow it goes on the path of Pakistan and North Korea, nations of terrorized and traumatized populace.
Economy and Chinese Interference In Nepal
Indian aid was more visible in the 1960s-1970s when the focus was on large infrastructure projects such as highways and bridges. Media coverage of Indian projects are less as Indian aid projects are big in number and are often worth little value to have any place in the news. The larger aid projects are always covered at par with Chinese projects. Chinese projects are largely visible and centrally located, for example, the Trolley bus service, Civil Service hospital, Ring road, and the International Convention Hall which later became the Constituent Assembly building.
By fiscal year 2010/2011, China disbursed $18,843,988 aid to Nepal, while India expended $50,728,502. In the case of joint ventures, Indian investment amounts to 48 per cent of all the joint ventures in Nepal, and India tops the list by giving employment opportunities to 56,407 individuals. China comes second, with 10.30 per cent joint ventures and employing 23,325 individuals. Indian aid is almost three times more and it fares a lot better than Chinese aid, and fares less as aid, but more of a brotherly business relationship.
Chinese Black aid in Garb of BRI
Fantasy Railroad to Nowhere: China’s Bad Loan Masterplan to Raid the Gurkha
Since 2015, China has been doling out Loans for redundant infrastructure projects, which are useful only to China and not for the parent country. Result is defaulting on Loans, occupation of the infrastructure in that country, by Chinese Army the Peoples Liberation Army and Navy (PLAN).
Be it case with Myanmar or Sri Lanka, there are multitudes of examples.
The proposed BRI railway is a Chinese slap on the Nepali face. To provide trade route, it is Five times the distance/time to Kolkota/Chittagong Port and estimated to be 15 times costlier. Locals have already dubbed the project kagat ko rail (paper railway) and sapana ko rail (dream railway).
Like other BRI and infrastructure projects, this has no financial benefit, and no way to return the Loans, which are badly discriminatory to Nepal. Like the BRI projects all over the world, these projects also were approved clandestinely, by the Chinese bribing the Nepal communist position holders. In effect, like Hambantota port (the Achilles heel of Sri Lanka) leased to Chinese Military, this railway link and corridor will be Chinese property, in no sooner than next five years.
In 1792, on the 8th day of Bhadra, when 10,000 Chinese troops invaded Nepal via Betrawati river, the Nepali commanding officers Kaji KirtimanSingh Basnyat and Kaji Damodar Pande sent them scurrying to laps of Emperor of the then Quing dynasty, laying 2000 dead.
Little did the Nepali heroes who crushed 2000 Chinese dead, the Chinese Quing dynasty thought, 200 years later, the same Han Chinese will be invited by their own traitor Communist Oli, to occupy and rule their land.
Situated between the two regional powers one side is a Dragon which aspire to be global power, occupying five countries (Tibet, East Turkmenistan, South Mongolia, Manchuria and Hong Kong) and laying claim of over 56 territories of its neighbours like India, Nepal, Mongolia, Russia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Philippines.
On the other side is a non-ambitious, non-aggressive, 4000 years old strong developing ally, with no history of aggression since thousands of years-just like Nepal. Relationship is more of a brother, which has only been committing Aid but with mutually respectable trade equations.
Nepal is being made to believe a fake dream and opportunities to become epi-centre of Chinese created geopolitical competition. Chinese influence in Nepal will increase if Nepal remains unstable, internally vulnerable, and is incapable to resist foreign interference of China. This is what Xi Jinping, Nepal Communist block and Oli are trying for.
China has masterminded its Maoist agenda, by waging a guerrilla war for 15 years against Nepal, after peace accord, China has meddled so badly in affairs, that Nepal has seen eleven Prime Ministers since 2007.More is political instability, more Nepal moves away from India towards Maoist leanings of China.
China wants Nepal to be like Pakistan and North Korea, with highly unstable political environment, terrorized public, who look up to China for support in a “hate wave” towards India.
Here the thousands of years of blood brother India, shall stand up in this times of Peril of Indo-Nepali saga of brotherhood and blood kinship. Together in the Gurkha spirit, we Indian and Nepalis shall ensure the Chinese dream of keeping Nepal subservient to the Chinese Dragon and poor forever, is a nipped in the bud.
14 June 20/Sunday Written By: Fayaz