Nagaland started their uprising since the 1950s and yet to settle their issues. The Mizos started their upraising 1966 with the aim of a sovereign state. Mizos understood the complexity of being a landlocked state with meager natural resources. They finished their uprising in 1986, after signing the Mizo accord. As per the accord, a new State of Mizoram was created.
Influx of Bangladeshi Muslims
During 1971, the influx of refugees was due to ethnic cleansing by Pakistan Army. Lakhs of Bangladeshis Hindus and Muslims both came to India as refugees. Post-war of 1972 these refugees were despatched back to Bangladesh. Refugees who came before the war and during the war returned to Bangladesh.
The increasing job opportunities in India and backwardness of Bangladesh attracted many Bangladeshis to migrate towards India. The India-Bangladesh border is marked by a high degree of porosity. This poses a major challenge to security forces in checking illegal cross-border activities. One of the main problems is of illegal migration from Bangladesh into India. Due to pro-Islamic policies of Bangladesh, other religious minorities migrated to India either due to oppressive methods of Bangladesh government or the religious fanatics. These refugees aim was to reach Tripura and Meghalaya. However, few even entered Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh.
For the past few years, the demography of the migrants has changed from non-Muslim minorities to Muslims. Some of the notorious terrorists too slipped into India using this route. Terrorists from groups based in Pakistan have started using Bangladesh route enter India to complete their terror missions.This is a trend which has been observed by the security agencies and warning to the effect has been given to all the state governments.
Identification and Deportation by Mizos
The process of identification and deportation of aliens within the country is a difficult process. More so in terrain like Northeastern part of India. The government machinery requires support from the society at large. Towards this, the Mizos have a unique method in which the illegal migrants are identified and then deported.
Mizos have a unique method of dealing with the menace of Illegal Bangladeshi Immigrants (IBI). For working in Mizoram one needs Inner Line Permit (ILP). This permit is given by the state machinery to skilled labourers and there is a record maintained at all police stations. Mizoram has various NGOs who operate within their state, chiefly helping the Mizo families during the time of crisis. These NGOs also aid in the identification of IBI and who do not possess ILP are handed over to the local Police.
The Mizo Police then rounds up the IBI and deports them outside the Mizo border and into Bangladesh. NGOs working in Mizoram also educate the younger generation about their culture and how they should protect it from aliens. Thus, removing complications from aliens seeking residence permits by marrying into the local population. Thus just by implementing a policy religiously using help from the community, the Mizos are able to protect their identity.
This is a unique method which has been very effective and has been recognized by the state government of Mizoram. In October 2017, the state government of Mizoram has established task forces at district level using the NGOs such as Young Mizo Association (YMA), Mizo Students Union and Young Chakma Association.
These task forces have been effective in combating the illegal influx of immigrants. The only advantage in the case of Mizoram which is not present in case of Assam and Nagaland is that the society is standing as one to fight it. Government machinery from State or Centre can be of little help unless the society pitches in and supports the cause. In this case, it is the Mizos as a society are clear winners as they fought for an identity got it and are able to maintain it. This is an example worth emulating by all bordering states in the country to combat illegal immigrants.