Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan, a part of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir is under Pakistan’s control since 1947. Historically, Pakistan has always treated the region as part of the disputed area of J&K, though, it illegally ceded the Shaksgam Valley of Gilgit-Baltistan to China in 1963 border agreement.


The area is significant to both Pakistan and China as Gilgit-Baltistan is the entry-point to the $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Beijing sees the region’s disputed status as direct threat to its economic interests and has therefore pushed Islamabad to make the move to provide legal cover to the CPEC. Pressurise by China, Islamabad has been forced to declare Gilgit- Baltistan one of its province, in order to weaken Delhi’s objections to its claims over the disputed state.


The Dangerous Proposal

A committee, headed by Pakistan’s Adviser on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz, had proposed giving the status of a province to Gilgit-Baltistan.

The committee suggested that a constitutional amendment be made to change the status of the region, through which the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) passes.

Effect on Stake Holders


Hurriyat  cautioned Islamabad in a joint statement on March 17 “Any proposal to declare Gilgit-Baltistan as the fifth province of Pakistan is unacceptable as it tantamount to changing the disputed nature of Kashmir. Unless and until the people of Jammu and Kashmir are provided an opportunity to decide the future course of the state through referendum, no division, alteration and changes are acceptable”.

The statement also warned Islamabad to desist from embarking on any “adventure” that could impact Kashmir’s “disputed status”.

Pakistan’s Historical Stand

In 2014, a similar proposal by the country’s federal ministry of Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan affairs was criticised by residents of divided Kashmir across the Line of Control. On that occasion Pakistan assembly had also passed a resolution opposing the granting of provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan. “Making Gilgit-Baltistan a fifth province will weaken Pakistan’s national stand on Jammu and Kashmir at the international level,” said the resolution. It added, “Whenever a plebiscite is conducted the people of G-B will also have the right to decide their future with the people of other parts of the State of Jammu and Kashmir”.

United Jihad Council chief and Hizbul Mujahideen supremo Syed Salahuddin also warned Islamabad. “Pakistan should stop the process of making Gilgit-Baltistan its fifth province. Such an act will have serious ramifications on the Kashmir issue as well as Kashmir-centric UN resolutions,” says a strongly worded statement.

Question mark on Kashmir struggle ??

In one stroke, this move completely exposes Islamabad’s support to Kashmir struggle. Pakistan never cared about the “aspirations of Kashmiris” and eyed the territorial gains to score a point over India. It changes the entire complexion of Kashmir Struggle. The impact of the move is such that Syed Salahuddin, was forced to request Pakistan not to declare Gilgit-Baltistan as its province because it exposes the truth of Kashmiri “freedom movement”.

China clearly dictates the foreign policy of Pakistan. It will not accept any impediment to its belt and road initiative.

It will also be a violation of the agreement between the two countries to address all issues bilaterally through peaceful means, which was enshrined in the Shimla Agreement of 1972 and reiterated through the Lahore Declaration in 1999

Pakistan Government has not given any statement but it is clear now that economic interest of impoverished Pakistan will surely weigh over its historical stand by trashing Kashmiri “freedom movement” to the dustbins of history. Two, it is trying to align and subsume the “freedom movement” into a larger Islamic Caliphate project of which Pakistan itself is a part.


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